The crisis spread to Russia in the summer ofwhen it defaulted on its sovereign debt, much of which was held by U. The Russian default triggered a flight to quality in the bond market as huge differentials opened up between the interest rate paid on relatively safe U. Treasuries and the interest rates paid on less secure corporate bonds. Inflation had fallen from percent in to 22 percent in and 11 percent in
Culture background Russian culture has a long history and tradition and Russians are very proud of it. Russians consider themselves as a well educated nation. They read a lot, books are cheap, and one can afford to buy books a month without serious damage to a family budget.
Russians are also big fond of live performances at theatres and since tickets are affordable prices in cinemas and theatres are comparablethey enjoy attending theatres: Usually every city has a few theatres. The theatre culture was developed during the Soviet times when tickets were sold through schools and enterprises: The agent would bring tickets for distribution to every enterprise and school in his area and the person responsible for "culture sector" would organize collective visit to the theatre.
I think it was an excellent system since people had the opportunity to attend theatres from the early age, starting from attending performances in a Muppet theatre, then moving to the Youth Drama Theatre, then to Drama, Musical and Opera, according to their age.
Also attending performances in a company is always much more fun, which contributed to the popularity of theatres. This is how most Russian people have developed their taste for live performances. Movie theatres are also becoming popular in Russia and they are equipped with the latest sound systems.
When Russian people talk about movie theatres, they will usually say "cinema"; if they talk about "theatres", they mean live performances.
During Soviet times there was a Russian default 1998 developed system of community work and in every group class at school, department at work etc would be also a person responsible for sport, education, political information of the group etc.
People that were doing community work were given benefits free or discounted travel, ability to buy deficit goods, ability to receive a better apartment from the government for free etc - remember, there was no private property until Perestroika, everything used to belong to the state, which was controlling distribution and would award the most active citizens.
Unfortunately the system of volunteering was broken with Perestroika but Russians still have that great community spirit which sometimes goes to the lengths a westerner would consider as infringement.
Russian culture is non-individualistic. The power of an individual in Russia is much less than in the west and most deals are pushed through family, friends and acquaintances.
Russian saying is, "One is not a soldier in the battlefield". In Russia, one still needs to know people in power to make things work. This is why they maintain more friendships than an average westerner. They often have to rely on their friends to help them out.
You know someone who knows someone who is in power; this is the way they have the things done. If you know the right people, you can have the most difficult things done with little effort. In my life, a few times I ran into dead ends where there was nothing I could do in the straightforward way; the people were right to refuse me, according to the official rules.
But once I could find people who knew someone inside the system, a month wait would turn into just a few hours wait or they would find a place for me where they said the rules would not allow them to give me one. Foreigners would just give up; Russians believe there is always a roundabout.
Frankly, most of them are not true believers.
They appreciate Christian moral values but do not follow them. Religion is not a real part of their life. Russians are more aware of horoscopes than the Bible. Church service in Russia can be attended any day of the week and performed every day 2 or 3 times early morning at 3 a.
People usually attend the church just to "light a candle" and quickly pray. They do it to ask for something to happen a business deal, an exam or to remember a close person who is dead. People do not have to be a member of the church to do it and they do not have monthly contributions to the church.
Church survives selling candles and reminder notes and charging for services such as baptizing, weddings and funerals. Church marriage is not official in Russia.
A couple has to register their marriage with government authorities first to be allowed to have church ceremony performed. Medical aid and education in Russia are free, though Russians joke that education becomes less and less free with every year.
One can still get a university education for free by passing the entrance tests examsbut the universities have to decrease the number of students studying on a free basis because of poor state financing.
Since both education and culture facilities used to be widely available, Russians can be considered a highly cultured nation. Their general knowledge is very good: At secondary schools, they study not only the history of Russia but also the world history, including American and European history.
In the same secondary school course 11 years school qualification is mandatory in Russia they study world literature, world music, and world geography. Many books of western authors are mandatory reading in the course of literature in Russian translation of course. The standard secondary school program includes studying of a foreign language for 6 years gradesusually it is English but also can be French, German or Spanish.Probate Forms.
NOTE: Forms , , , and were translated as part of the Supreme Court of Ohio Interpreter Services Program Forms Translation lausannecongress2018.com more about the Forms Translation Project.. Decedent's Estate (Forms - ) Wrongful Death (Forms - .
But by , that firm was primed to expose America's largest banks to more than $1 trillion in default risks. The demise of the firm, Long-Term Capital Management (LTCM), was swift and sudden. In. The Russian financial crisis (also called Ruble crisis or the Russian Flu) hit Russia on 17 August It resulted in the Russian government and the Russian Central Bank devaluing the ruble and defaulting on its lausannecongress2018.com crisis had severe impacts on the economies of many neighboring countries.
Meanwhile, James Cook, the senior vice president of The U.S. Russia Investment Fund, suggested the. The Russian financial crisis and eventual default is often cited as a counterargument to one of the principle MR ideas that a sovereign currency issuer should not be able to go bankrupt.
It’s a complex subject that is worth spending some time on. Russia was a rather unique situation. Most people.
Jul 26, · Medi-Cal Looking for help with your Medi-Cal benefits, eligibility, claims, or other general information? Below are links to help you find those answers. May 12, · By Aug.
17, , when the government announced a de facto default on Russia’s foreign debt and said it would allow the ruble to float more .