Print Key Info Make a list to keep track of ALL the books, magazines, and websites you read as you follow your background research plan. Later this list of sources will become your bibliography. Most teachers want you to have at least three written sources of information. Write down, photocopy, or print the following information for each source you find.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Electronic Sources Web Publications Summary: MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook 8th ed.
It is always a good idea to maintain personal copies of electronic information, when possible. It is good practice to print or save web pages or, better, use a program like Adobe Acrobat to keep your own copies for future reference.
Also, you might use the Bookmark function in your web browser in order to return to documents more easily. It is not required to do so but especially encouraged when there is no copyright date listed on a website. Because web addresses are not static i. However, MLA only requires the www.
Many scholarly journal articles found in databases include a DOI digital object identifier.
If you can find a permalink, use that instead of a URL. Use these in place of the p. Not every Web page will provide all of the following information. However, collect as much of the following information as possible both for your citations and for your research notes: Any version numbers available, including editions ed.
Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date. Take note of any page numbers p. URL without the https: Date you accessed the material Date Accessed —While not required, it is highly recommended, especially when dealing with pages that change frequently or do not have a visible copyright date.
Remember to cite containers after your regular citation.MLA stands for the Modern Language Association, which is an organization that focuses on language and literature. Depending on which subject area your class or research focuses on, your professor may ask you to cite your sources in MLA format.
The MLA guidelines call for the bibliography to be called Works Cited. Science Buddies has summarized some of the most common MLA formats for your use: MLA Format Examples. The APA guidelines call for the bibliography to be called the Reference List.
The concept of containers is crucial to MLA style. When the source being documented forms part of a larger whole, the larger whole can be thought of as a container that holds the source. For example, a short story may be contained in an anthology. No official MLA format for citing online classroom materials exists.
This is merely a recommended format to use in citing such documents. This is merely a recommended format to use in citing such documents. MLA Format Examples Different rules apply for citing different resources under the MLA.
For example, look at some of these examples below to see how the citation and the Works Cited reference should change based on each unique situation. The MLA guidelines specify using title case capitalization - capitalize the first words, the last words, and all principal words, including those that follow hyphens in compound terms.
Use lowercase abbreviations to identify the parts of a work (e.g., vol. for volume, ed. for editor) .