Ministry of Social Development Abstract The paper provides a brief overview of the research literature on the impacts of family structure and family change on child outcomes, with a particular focus on parental separation. It takes as a starting point the existence of pervasive associations between family change and child outcomes and addresses a range of issues that are examined in the research literature. Do family changes primarily have short-term impacts on children, or do they also have more enduring impacts?
Sioux Morris Young People Families and everyday life Discuss the ways in which diversity and change have impacted on contemporary family life student ID: It will start by looking at what constitutes family and how the notion of family has been defined by theorists from the past and in the present day.
It will then look at changes that have taken place, and the time frame in which this has occurred. It will then address some of the major changes seen in Ireland, same sex relationships and the significant networks of people who are single or not living with a partner.
Finally it will address media intervention in the acceptance of what can now be defined as family. InEngels wrote Origins of the Family, which focused on early human history, following the disintegration of the primitive community collective ownership and the emergence of a class society based on private property.
Engels looked into the origin Examine family diversity and the life essence of the state, and concludes that it was bound to wither away leaving a classless society Gough Foucault wrote of how the internal power-dynamics of the family interact with the social politics of society as a whole Taylor He said that on the one hand, social politics impact family structure and dynamics through legal judgements, medical interventions, and social work.
But on the other hand, members of families call on discourses and institutions from society at large in order to manage or change the operation of the family University of Cambridge Foucault refers to the family as a traditionally sovereign institution whose powers have been slowly diluted over time Taylor Sovereign power regularly reaffirms its authority through rituals that refer back to this original event of bloodshed or blood-right sex and childbirth.
Theories on what constitutes a family are not conclusive. Taylor writes there is no correct answer to the question of what the family is or what kind of 2 power characterizes it. Family cannot be adequately identified by a list of who should be included or excluded Druckerit is much more a matter of what individuals share and how they congregate and interact with each other than a simple list of characteristics.
Love, commitment and nurturance are primary qualities. She goes on to say that when we recognize the supportive and emotional bonds, we recognize family Drucker The family is arguably the most important institution we have Haskey et al For children this is the notion of a secure environment in which to develop intellectual and emotional skills, whilst for adults family offers love, care and mutual support.
There have been major demographic changes affecting families over the last century including women having fewer children, childbearing at an older age and increasingly childlessness; the advent of modern contraception and increased use of abortion has much to do this.
Households and family size have become smaller and there has been growth of the number of people living alone. There has been a decline in adult and infant mortality, virtually all children surviving to adulthood and lower prevalence of widowed lone parenthood.
There are now an increased number of elderly people who either live alone, in institutions or with their children or relatives; this has increased the proportions of families spanning two, three or more generations. There has been an increase in the number or births outside of marriage and consequential growth in cohabitation and lone motherhood amongst never married women.
There has been decline in the number of first marriages and growth in divorce; however there has been an increase in the proportion of remarriages and the consequent growth in married couple stepfamilies. There has been growth in cohabitation of lone parents with new partners leading to the creation of cohabitating-couple stepfamilies Haskey p.
We are by no means there, but changing attitudes have opened up the notion of family following the transformation of self-awareness inspired in the s. The decade of the s and the early s were years of remarkable changes in the freedom of unmarried individuals to be sexually active.
His work relates to an overview of changes that have taken place in a country that has historically taken its lead from the Catholic Church.
Therefore the changes described have enormous historical significance and retain a central position in the major social and policy discourses of the current era.
The Irish judiciary system has played a key role in facilitating family change through judgments in a range of family-relevant areas. It was only as a result of the Irish Supreme Court ruling on the right to family privacy that the politicians eventually legalized contraception.
Family diversity, both structural and cultural, requires that policy and services for families are inclusive of, and sensitive to, difference Canavan The Irish judiciary has a pattern of not providing liberal judgments; homosexuality was eventually legalized with the support of all political parties infollowing the European Court of Human Rights judgment that penalizing homosexual acts constituted a breach of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The article explores the complex relationship networks of people who are single or not living with a partner.Family diversity is a meaningless modern () term. Family is a social and biological structure consisting of few models: Husband (male) + wife (female) + children = family.
Family Change and Family Diversity Frank F. Furstenberg University of Pennsylvania, In this paper I first examine the transformation that has taken place and the FAMILY CHANGE AND FAMILY DIVERSITY new life course as reclaiming a former one that prevailed until the twentieth.
Examining Family Diversity and the Life Course Many years ago, Parsons studied families from different type and decided that through structural differentiation, the multifunctional extended family became the nuclear family, and made a point of focusing on this type of family. Marxism also made this mistake, as well as feminism.
How to Help Children Understand Diverse Families The world is a melting pot of families of different configurations, beliefs, cultural norms, and personal practices. Every child and family comes to a child care community with different family values and experiences.
Examine the reasons for the increase in family and household diversity in the last 40 years (24 marks, 10 A01, 14 A02) Family and household diversity is the change in patterns among the various family and household types that exist because of factors such as secularisation, changes to legislation, changes in women's position, changing attitudes.
Examine the ways in which social policies affect family life A social policy is a law implemented by the government to benefit society. Most social policies will affect families in some way or another.