The settlement and fort on the island became known as New Amsterdam which eventually became the City of New York. The Dutch holdings in the area were collectively called New Netherlands and included areas of what is now New Jersey. New Amsterdam was granted self government and incorporated by the Dutch in
Native American tribes in Virginia For thousands of years before the arrival of the English, various societies of indigenous peoples inhabited the portion of the New World later designated by the English as "Virginia". Archaeological and historical research by anthropologist Helen C.
Rountree and others has established 3, years of settlement in much of the Tidewater. Even so, a historical marker dedicated in states that recent archaeological work at Pocahontas Island has revealed prehistoric habitation dating to about BCE.
Also, the lands peoples connected to the Mississippian Culture may have just barely crossed over into the state into its southwestern corner.
Later, these tribes merged to form the Yuchi. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, a chief named Wahunsunacock created this powerful empire by conquering or affiliating with approximately thirty tribes whose territories covered much of what is now eastern Virginia.
Known as the Powhatanor paramount chiefhe called this area Tenakomakah "densely inhabited Land". He led several failed uprisings, which caused his people to fracture, some tribes going south to live among the Chowanoke or north to live among the Piscataway.
The Piscataway were pushed north on the Potomac River early in their history, coming to be cut off from the rest of their people. While some stayed, others chose to migrate west. Their movements are generally unrecorded in the historical record, but they reappear at Fort Detroit in modern-day Michigan by the end of the 18th century.
Other members of the Piscataway also merged with the Nanticoke. The Nanticoke seem to have been largely confined to Indian Towns,  but were later relocated to New York in Bythey had merged with other tribes and were generally dissolved, however the descendants of these peoples reformed in the 21st century and re-acquired much of their old reservation in Eastern Siouan Many of the Siouan peoples of the state seem to have originally been a collection of smaller tribes with uncertain affiliation.
About midway along the southern shores of the James River should have been the Sissipahaw. North of them were the Manahoacor Mahock. The Keyauwee are also of note. It is difficult to say whether they were a subtribe of others mentioned, a newly formed tribe, or from somewhere else.
The Tutelo of West Virginia first seem to be noted as living north of the Saponi, in northern Virginia in around Sometime during the ss,  the Iroquois started pushing south and declared war on the Saponi related tribes, pushing them down into North Carolina.
The writer assumes that all five tribes were driven south, but the Tutelos are noted as allies from the "western mountains.
The Iroquois were soon after convinced by the English to start selling off all their extended lands, which were nearly impossible for them to hold. All they kept was a string of territory along the Susquahanna River in Pennsylvania.
The Saponi attempted to return to their lands, but were unable to do so. All the tribes appear to have returned, sans the Keyauwee, who remained among the Catawba.
They came to be known as the Christanna People at this time. John Smith noted them on an early map as the Kuskarawocks. Inthe English gave them a reservation just south of the North Carolina border.
However, they managed to, more or less, stay put well into the modern day. The Nottoway also managed to largely stay in the vicinity of Virginia until the modern day without much conflict or loss of heritage. Although the Beaver Wars were primarily centered in Ohio, the Iroquois Confederacy of New York were also in a long strung conflict with the Susquehannocks of central Pennsylvania, as was the English colony of Maryland, although the two were not known to be allies themselves.
After ending their war with the Susquehannocks inhowever, the Iroquois went on a more or less inexplicable rampage against Maryland and its remaining Native allies, which included the Piscataways and the Eastern Siouans tribes.
The Eastern Siouans were forced out of the state during the s. After the Beaver Wars officially ended inthe Iroquois sold off their extended holdings—including their land in Virginia—to the English.
In the s, they were destroyed by a coalition of native warriors led by a tribe called the Sawanno. There is also a note from the Cherokee that a group of "Shawnee" were living among them in the s following the Westo invasion, but prior to their defeatthen migrated into southern West Virginia.
The French, seeing an opportunity for new allies, ingratiated themselves with the Chisca and had them relocated to the heart of the Illinois Colony to live among the Algonquian Ilinoweg. Later, as French influence along the Ohio River waned, the tribe seems to have split away again, taking many Ilinoweg tribes with them, and moved back to Kentucky, where they became the Kispoko.
The Kispoko later became the fourth tribe of Shawnee. Afterwards, those lands seemed to be filled with native peoples who claimed "Cherokee" ancestry, yet had no organized tribal affiliation.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Sep 09, · The Revolutionary War (), also known as the American Revolution, arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 . Watch video · By contrast, the Carolina colony, a territory that stretched south from Virginia to Florida and west to the Pacific Ocean, was much less cosmopolitan.
In its northern half, hardscrabble farmers. North Carolina developed a system of representative government and local control by the early 18th century.
Many of its colonists resented British attempts after . In , the colony was officially made a crown colony; North Carolina was split off and made into a separate colony in In the Stamp Act Crisis of , South Carolina banded together with the other colonies to oppose British taxation and played a major role in resisting Britain.
Here is a great article on early American Elrod history from Dianne Underwood who is an Elrod ancestor from North Carolina. I want to thank her for allowing me to share with everyone!
Introduction - Early Settlers on the Yadkin River- The Muddy Creek Settlement In a group of Moravian settlers came to North Carolina and began a permanent settlement called Bethabara in what is now Forsyth. Prior to , North Carolina did not appear to be ripe for revolution.
The wealthy Albemarle merchants and planters who had dominated political process in the colonial legislature had more in common with their sovereign across the sea than they did with firebrands in Boston.